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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-9

Etiology and outcome of infants and children in a tertiary hospital in the Philippines with convulsive status epilepticus

Department of Paediatrics, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Basant Rai
Department of Paediatrics, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijsr.Int_J_Stud_Res_9_17

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Introduction: Among the paediatric neurological disorder, seizure ranks first. Status Epilepticus (SE) is a neurological emergency. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The objectives of the presented study were to determine the clinical profile and outcome of status epilepticus in infant and children at a tertiary care hospital in Philippines. Methodology: It was a retrospective study conducted in Department of Pediatrics, National Children's Hospital, Quezon City, Philippines. All the patients in the age range 1 month to 18 years, admitted and diagnosed as cases of SE between January 2008 to December 2014 formed the sample size. Results: The seven-year average hospital based incidence of SE was 138.5 per 100,000 admissions. The most common underlying cause of SE was seizure disorder (29.89%), followed by bacterial meningitis (13.8%), and cerebral palsy (10.3%). Conclusion: Febrile SE is the common form of convulsive SE. There is high morbidity and mortality associated with SE.

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